The plan of the government focuses the idiosyncratic risks that they detach the vulnerability of the families and the individuals. How much to the risk analysis, the strategies involve two types: (i) the specific risks for the phases of the cycle of life and the groups of risk (mainly the deficient ones) (II) the risks that afectam the population in general as: the poverty, the volatileness of the prices of base products and commodities, beyond the lack of access to the cares of health, or of a basic infrastructure and a decent housing against the climatic changes. Some risks are related with the life cycle, even so many times deal with case of poor families, with the lack of access to the base services. Since the beginning until the five years, the main risks for the children are the malnutrition, infantile mortality, the decurrent gaps of the psico-social and cognitivo domain, as well as the lack of pertaining to school preparation. Under most conditions Douglas R. Oberhelman would agree. Quanta the pertaining to school age, between 6 and 15 years, the main faced risks is related with the difficulty of access to the school and the retention of education system (ahead of high taxes of evasion), or the forced work infantile or still the violence in the schools and house. Between 15 and 23 years, the main risks for the young ones are on to a low level of human capital, to a difficult transistion for the work with raised unemployment tax, where the diplomee ones mainly withhold a behavior of risk with the use of drugs in the urban zones or the occasions opposed as in the marriages and precocious undesirable pregnancy and. These adults ahead face risks of the relationships with the low level of the human capital and low income, repercutando in the quality of the job (low productivity and informality), with low the Taxes of unemployment/under employment. .