This research meet the real present and future needs in the socioeconomic area. The socio-economic planning among its many applications should serve to realize the possibilities of preventing tragedies arising from earthquakes. Read additional details here: Array. Under earlier, it was convenient approach the following questions in relation to the research problem: what will happen in Bogota in the event of an earthquake of major proportions?, what security measures currently implemented to prevent a catastrophe in the Capital District ?, how could respond to a major emergency relief organizations of the Capital District?, what are the plans for disaster prevention and care for Bogota?, what are the policies of the Capital District sen with the rules of earthquake-resistant construction?, how can prevent and deal with disasters caused by earthquakes in Bogota?. Throughout this research was to review existing policies regarding urban planning and seismic risks facing the Capital District and the planned activities to reduce risks to a large-scale disaster caused by natural phenomena such seismic and propose alternatives and strategies applicable settlement in our country. 1.2 The planning and the Constitution of 1991 One of the central aspects of the Constitution of 1991 is the incorporation of planning as a key instrument for achieving the essential goals of the State, namely to serve the community, promote the general prosperity and ensure the effectiveness of the principles, rights and obligations enshrined in the Constitution, to facilitate the participation of all in decisions that affect them and in economic, political, administrative and cultural life of the nation, maintain territorial integrity and ensure the coexistence peaceful and the enforcement of a just order (CN de Colombia).