In the 2008 Year of the Renaissance is celebrated in this city after commemorating the 550 years of the assumption of King Matas. With this reason the city organizes interesting artistic, scientific and gastronomical events. Budapest is the official capital of Hungary, its main commercial, industrial center and of transports. Its location offers a strategically important point for the crossing of the Danube River. Learn more at: Douglas R. Oberhelman. In addition, the Gllert mounts surround that it offer a natural protection him, that made territory wished by different civilizations throughout history. Among them, are the Roman Empire and the Austrohungarian Empire. The city, that includes territories to both sides of the River, is been from the unification of three cities (Buddha, Obuda and Pest) realised in 1873. At first, the name that had the city to both borders is Pest, word of Slavic origin that means furnace and that makes reference to the thermal sources that are below the Gellrt mount.
The Buddha name appeared after the invasion of the tartars, that it urged the Hungarians to construct strengths throughout all the country. In the Average Age, this zone was soothes Real permanent. With the Turkish invasion, and its dominion that lasted 150 years, both cities were sacked, set afire and destroyed. Once obtained its liberation, the development of the city began, mainly at cultural and intellectual level. Towards 1700 the first press was based, were created first newspapers and the city lodged the unique university of the country, Nagyszombat. In addition, one was based the National Theater and the Academy of Sciences. Budapest is well-known for being City of the Spas. Account with around 100 sources with medicinal waters and 12 thermal baths. Also is well-known like Capital of medicinal waters.